Explore Pakistan -  Indus Valley Civilization, Gandhara, Moghals and Part of the ancient Silk Rroute



Pakistan covering 796,095 km2 have a diversified Scenery , people ,culture, heritage From the Arabian sea shore in the south and fertile ,flat, alluvial plain with five major rivers dominating the upper region eventually joining the River Indus flowing south to the Arabian Sea. and purview the sandy desert in the center, and kissing the sky mountains ranges in north , Pakistan is truly country of astonishing beauty.
Home of highest mountains K-2 (8611), Gasherbrum-I (8,068 m), Broad Peak (8,047 m) and Gasherbrum-II (8,035 m). and the killer mountain , Nanga Parbat (8,126 meters) 80 peaks over 7,000 meters and numerous over 6,000 m .Abode of some of the longest glaciers outside Polar region; Siachen (72 kilometers), Hispar (61 kilometers), Biafo (60 kilometers), Baltoro (60 kilometers) and Batura (64 kilometers) and all this is present in radius of 180 km.
The region traces its history back to at least 2,500 BC, when a highly developed civilization flourished in the Indus Valley. Excavations at Harappa, Mohenjodaro and Kot Diji have brought to light evidence of an advanced civilization flourishing here even in most ancient times.
Pakistan is a multi-cultural, multi-ethnic and mainly a Muslim society. Modern Pakistanis are a intermingling of their Harappan, Indo-Aryan, Indo-Iranian, Saka, Parthian, Kushan, White Hun, Afghan, Arab, Turkic, and Mughal heritage. Waves of aggressors and emigrants settled down in Pakistan throughout the centuries, effect the locals and being absorbed among them

sightseiing spot in pakistan



Khunjrab pass

Khunjrab pass

Khunjrab pass name is derived from Wakhi 'Khun' means Home and 'Jerav' means spring water/water falling at an elevation of 4690 is a high mountain pass in the Karakoram Mountains in strategic position on the northern border of Pakistan's Gilgit–Baltistan on the southwest border of the Xinjiang region of China. On the Pakistani side, the pass is 42 km (26 mi) from the National Park station and checkpoint in Dih, 75 km (47 mi) from the customs and immigration post in Sost, 270 km (170 mi) from Gilgit, and 870 km (540 mi) from Islamabad. The long, relatively flat pass is often snow-covered during the winter season and closed from November 30 to May 1.


Lahore

Lahore

Lahore the capital city Punjab and the second largest metropolitan area in the country. With a rich history dating back over a millennium One of the most thickly populated cities in the world, Lahore remains an economic, political, transportation, entertainment, and educational hub. It is referred to as the "Mughal City of Gardens" due to the historic presence of gardens in and around the city dating back to the Mughal period.
Lahore is referred to as the cultural heart of Pakistan as it hosts most of the arts, cuisine, festivals, music, film-making, gardening and intelligentsia of the country.Lahore is an ancient city with more than 200 archaeological sites and historic places. The city is hub of art and culture in the country. Lahore has also been rated by the British newspaper 'Guardian' as the 2nd best tourist destination in Pakistan in 2008. Lahore has 2 UNESCO World Heritage Sites and plenty of national monuments. Every nook and corner of old Lahore is full of mysterious history and never-ending charm that attracts thousands of visitors locally and internationally. A visitor who happens to be in Lahore for the first time, sums up his/her experience in one line that is Lahore is Lahore Main tourist attractions in Lahore are Lahore Fort, Badshahi Mosque, Minar-e-Pakistan, Shalimar Gardens, Lahore Museum, Tomb of Jahangir, Tomb of Nur Jahan, Tomb of Asif Khan, Chauburji, Gawalmandi Food Street, Fort Road Food Street, Lahore Zoo, Lahore Zoo Safari Park, Fortress Stadium, The Mall, Lahore, Wazir Khan Mosque, Anarkali Bazaar, Hazuri Bagh Baradari, Jallo Park,Hazuri Bagh, Iqbal Park, Mochi Bagh, Gulshan-e-Iqbal Park, Model Town Park, Race Course Park, Nasir Bagh Lahore, Wild Life Park, Changa Manga, Zamzama, Masonic Temple (Lahore), Charing Cross, Lahore and Sukh Chayn Gardens.
Lahore has always been a centre for publications, where 80 percent of Pakistan's books are published and remains the foremost centre of literary, educational and cultural activity in Pakistan. It is also an important religious centre as it is home to hundreds of temples, mosques, churches and shrines like Data Durbar Complex.
Lahore successively served as a regional capital of the empires of the Shahi kingdoms in the 11th century, the Ghaznavids in the 12th century, the Ghurid State in the 12th and 13th centuries and the Mughal Empire in the 16th century. From 1802 to 1849, Lahore served as the capital city of the Sikh Empire. In the mid-19th and early 20th century.


Faisal Mosque

ISLAMABAD

Islamabad capital of Pakistan is a young, vibrant, modern and beautiful city. The true face of the progressive Pakistan, Islamabad is a city to get lost. Its wide streets, beautiful houses and colorful bazaars present a picturesque face of Islamabad. The power center of Pakistan, Islamabad is the capital of the country.
Islamabad is located Pothohar Plateau span an area of 906 square kilometers and at the foot of the Margalla Hills at an elevation is 540m, capital of Pakistan is a young, vibrant, and modern piece or architecture with a combination of modernity and old Islamic traditions. The true face of the progressive Pakistan, Islamabad is a city to get lost. Its wide streets, beautiful houses and colorful bazaars present a picturesque face of Islamabad. The power center of Pakistan, Islamabad, home of the largest mosque of South Asia and the fourth largest of the world Faisal Mosque built during the 1960s to replace Karachi as Pakistan's capital is a regimented international city divided into several different sectors and zones. It is regarded as the most developed city in Pakistan.


Shimshal

Shimshal

Surrounded by innumerable, fascinating and awe-inspiring peaks, glaciers, alpine meadows and trekking routs, the last and magnificent village of Gilgit-Baltistan region, about 3000 meters above see level is SHIMSHAL, which is at 50 km distance-three hours Jeep drive from KKH Passu. Living at this remotest place in Pakistan, the sons of the land are matchless in-terms of mountaineering prowess and techniques who have made a remarkable contribution in the mountaineering history of Pakistan. Shimshali guides and high altitude climbers are internationally recognized for their professionalism and bravery.
Shimshal’s villages are situated on a series of glacial and alluvial deposits at 3100m Shimshal is a farming and herding community of some 1100 inhabitants, are one of the few communities remaining in Pakistan's Northern Areas that grows enough agricultural produce to feed itself and he cultivated area, covering about 250 hectares, lies between 3000 and 3300 metres above sea level, at the upper limits of single crop cultivation.
Sole steward of vast areas of high-altitude pasture pastures cover about 2700 square kilometres of the Central Karakoram. Within that area they maintain their three dozen individual pastures, including three large and highly productive alpine areas and extensive herding of sheep, goats, cattle and yaks allows Shimshalis to earn much of their income from the sale of livestock and livestock products.


Broghil

Broghil

Broghol, also spelled Broghil, Boroghil and several other ways elevation (3798 m), is a high mountain pass along the Durand Line border that crosses the Hindu Kush mountain range and connects Wakhan of Badakhshan Province, Afghanistan with Chitral of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
It is one of the four major mountain passes entering Chitral; the others are the Dorah Pass from Badakshan Province of Afghanistan, Shandur Top from Gilgit, and Lowari Top from Upper Dir District.
In Boroghil the illimitable plains, lakes and mountains of the Pamirs of central Asia are factually a stone throw away, and a diversion to the top of Boroghil pass revels a valley that falls away into the enchanted Oxus. Here you get to see Wakhi tribe, red -cheeked Tajiks and Kirghiz on yaks and camels plying on old trade routes.


Attabad Lake

Upper Hunza

Upper Hunza is comprises of Gojal Valley ,is Fairy tale valley famous for high peaks Captivating Glaciers Beautiful meadows, breathtaking pastures the valley harbors a diverse and endangered mountainous cultural traditions. is spread over an area of about 8,500 sq.km at an elevation ranges from 2,340m to 4,877m. The valley borders internationally with the Xinjiang-Uighur region of People Republic of China through the famous Khunjrab, Kilik and Mintika passes and with the Afghan Wakhan The main towns, villages and valleys are of upper Hunza : Gulmit Passu, Sost Shimshal Chipursan Khudaabad Khunjareb Pass Khyber Morkhoon Migar Misgar Raminj.


Hunza in spring

Hunza

The Hunza mountainous valley in the Gilgit–Baltistan region of Pakistan . is situated north/west of the Hunza River, at an elevation of around 2,500 metres at distance of 710 km from Islamabad Surrounded by mountains like Ultar Sar, Rakaposhi, Bojahagur Duanasir II, Ghenta Peak, Hunza Peak, Passu Peak, Diran Peak and Bublimotin (Ladyfinger Peak), all 6,000 metres or higher. is a popular tourist destination because of the spectacular scenery Aliabad is the main town while Baltit The former capital an elevation of 2477 meters an earlier fort and Altit Fort, have been extensively restored and attractions in the region is a popular tourist destination because of the engrossed scenery of the surrounding.


Gilgit

Gilgit

Gilgit, the capital of Pakistan Northern area is a flourishing Frontier Town that is expanding swiftly guarded by Peak Domani 6134m and fragment of the Rakaposhi Range and 4500m barren peaks from 3 sides a wide irrigated bowl 1500 m above the sea level covers an area of 72,971 km²
The Gilgit manuscripts are among the oldest manuscripts in the world was discovered in 1931, , , and the oldest manuscript collection surviving in Pakistan having major significance in the areas of Buddhist studies and the evolution of Asian andSanskrit literature. The manuscripts are believed to have been written in the 5th to 6th centuries AD, though some more manuscripts were discovered in the succeeding centuries, which were also classified as Gilgit manuscripts and in 2006 to be included on the UNESCO Memory of the World register.
Gilgit city is one of the two major hubs for all mountaineering expeditions in Gilgit–Baltistan. Almost all tourists headed for treks in Karakoram or Himalaya Ranges arrive at Gilgit first.
There are several enchanting valleys which are very close to the Gilgit Naltar,Hunza,Nagar Bagrot-Haramosh Astore Phunder Yaseen , are the prominent Fairy Meadow in Raikot, Shigar town,Skardu city, Deosai National Park, Astore Valley, Rama Lake, Kargah Nallah are the other captivating points.


Shigar

Shigar

The Shigar Valley, 32kms (20 miles) from Skardu and 40 minutes by jeep, is watered by the Shigar River, falls in Pakistan's Northern Areas. The secluded Shigar Valley is. Amidst the strikingly beautiful and majestic mountains, slowly merging into an oasis of green fields, Shigar is situated on the banks of the Indus, at a height of 2798 meters.
The valley has an tremendously picturesque landscape, and abounds in fruit . Shigar, home to endless numbers of glaciers and small, nameless streams. The wild and lush green hauntingly beautiful landscapes of this hidden land are often likened to Tibet - Ladhakh used to be known as 'Little Tibet' - The mosque ( Khanqah Moalla ), Raja Palace, the bazaar and the hill top monasteries, are all stone through away , outlying historical and cultural gems of Gilgit Baltistan.
The Basha and the Braldu, that confluence to form the Shigar River are an absolute delight for someone with an adventurous spirit, Niali Mirpi top and Thale La gives a vista of the highest mountains including K-2 and the valley is offers exciting treks and climbs starting from Shigar center, including K2, Gashabrum I, II, III, IV, Trango Tower, Broad Peak, Hispar La, snow lake, Spantik and countless peaks and trek routes.


Khaplu

Khaplu

Home and 'Jerav' means spring water/water falling at an elevation of 4690 is a high mountain pass in the Karakoram Mountains in strategic position on the northern border of Pakistan's Gilgit–Baltistan on the southwest border of the Xinjiang region of China. On the Pakistani side, the pass is 42 km (26 mi) from the National Park station and checkpoint in Dih, 75 km (47 mi) from the customs and immigration post in Sost, 270 km (170 mi) from Gilgit, and 870 km (540 mi) from Islamabad. The long, relatively flat pass is often snow-covered during the winter season and closed from November 30 to May 1


Skardu

Skardu

Skardu star stone, meteorite an altitude of nearly 2,500 m is a town and capital of Skardu District, in Gilgit–Baltistan,Pakistan. Skardu is in the 10 kilometres wide by 40 kilometers long Skardu Valley, at the confluence of the Indus flowing from Near Kailash in Tibet and through Neighbouring Ladakh already travelled 700 km before reaching Baltistan and the River. Under the Shadow of Kharphocho Fort on a design similar to that of Leh palace and the Potatla Palace in Lhasa ,Tibet dates from the 8th century CE and contains an old mosque probably dating back to the arrival of Islam in the 16th century CE with a myth it was built by a ghost as they were servants of the ruler of that time, on the northern Bank the main block of the Karakoram mountains rises in a serried wall, 150 km thick with almost 100 peaks rising to over 7,000 .in no other part of the world is there such a large numbers of high mountains in such a curbed place is fascinating den for the travelers.
Grey-brown coloured mountainous Skardu, along with Gilgit, are the two major tourism, trekking and expedition hubs in Gilgit–Baltistan. The mountainous territory of the region, including four of the world's 14 Eight-thousander peaks (8,000 m and above), attracts the attention of tourists, trekkers and mountaineers from around the world while Treks to the Deosai Plains, the second highest in the world at 4,000 meters above sea level, after the Chang Tang in Tibet, in the vicinity of Skardu make tourist heaven.; There are three lakes in the locale: Upper, Lower Kachura Lake, and Sadpara Lake.


Chilas

Chilas

Chilas a small town located in the Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan on the left side of river Indus. It is part of the Silk Road connected by the Karakoram Highway which links it to Islamabad in the south via Dassu, Besham, Mansehra, Abbottabad and Haripur. In the north, Chilas is connected to the Chinese cities of Kashgar and Tashkurgan via Gilgit, Sustand the Khunjerab pass.
There are more than 50,000 pieces of rock art (petroglyphs) and inscriptions all along the Karakoram Highway in Gilgit-Baltistan of Pakistan and chilas is one such site ,and hundreds of petroglyphs can be found the INDUS below the city.
The weather is hot and dry in the summer and dry and cold in the winter. It can be reached through Karakoram highway and also from the Kaghan valley passing over the Babusar Pass. Chilas is situated on the left bank of the mighty river Indus.


Deosai

Deosai

Covering an area of 3,000 square kilometers, at an altitude of 4000 m above sea level, between the western massif of the Himalayas and the central Karakoram lies Deosai plateau the home of Brown bear Deosai plateau is uniquely beautiful region, which is the highest plains in the world and is situated 32 Km south of Skardu, the head quarter of Baltistan.It can be approached from two sides - Skardu and Gilgit-Astore. From Skardu (2340 meter) to Sadpara lake to Sadpara village, Ali Malik Mar (4080Meter) Which marks the start of Deosai, to cross the hanging bridge on Bara pani overlooking Burji pass to Sheausar lake the beautiful and highest lake to Chilam chauki (in whose south is the Chakor pass 4266 meters and Burzil pass 4280 meters and then boundary of Indian occupied Kashmir and on to Srinagar) From Chilum to Das Khirim to khume Gah- Gudai and the to Astore which is 115 KM from Gilgit.
The park is not only full of wild life but the striking scenic views of Snow –clad mountains and streams and impressive grandeur of natural beauty, absolutely treeless wilderness and giving a unique impression of desolation make it legendary in the world.
Deosai is home to unique high altitude flora and fauna and have created a special habitat where endemic species has evolved over the time Most of the plateau is grazing ground for the rural communities which are residing on the periphery of Deosai. From November to May wrapped in snow stands aloof and forlorn a gigantic and splendid wilderness, one of the few that have remained in Pakistan.


Kaghan

Kaghan

155 km long 'the botanist’s paradise ‘The Kaghan Valley is located in Northern Pakistan northeast of Hazara, NWFP. It's one of the valleys that's relatively easy to reach from Rawalpindi / Islamabad. Rising from an elevation of 2,134 meters to its highest point, the Babusar Pass, at 4,145 meters, mountain scenery, the dales, lakes, water-falls, streams and glaciers make the valley a most visited tourist destination in Pakistan.
Pristine fairy tale lakes, dense forests of pine, lofty peaks roaring Kunhar River full of trout fish make you engrossed while passing through the Shogran, Naran Gitdas, and babusar Pass.


Shandur Pass

Shandur Pass

The world famous Shandur pass is about 3738 meter an above sea level and lies midway between Chitral and Gilgit in good old days it was regarded as being “half-way to Heaven”. The distance from Chitral is 147 Km and Gilgit is about 211Km. These areas remains snow covered in winter and turn into the green heaven during summer season. There is a big lake in the area. The traditional polo tournament played between Chitral and Gilgit teams in the month of hot July. Foreign tourist and native came to see the festival. The first recorded polo tournament played at this ground was in 1936, since then every year in July a grand polo tournament takes place at Shandur pass.


Chitral

Chitral

Chitral Valley 322 km long most quixotic, fascinating and delightful and exotic valley in the majestic Hindukush range and dominated 7,788 meters Trichmir by . At an elevation of 1128 meters surrounded by the Wakhan, Badkhshan, Asmar and Nooristan area of Afghanistan in the north, west and south-west. On its southern boundary lies Dir. In the east lies Gilgit agency and Swāt Kohistan. The narrow strip of Afghan territory, Wakhan, separates it from Tajikistan. The landscape of Chitral is extremely mysterious, with its steep harsh mountains, lush green valleys, beautiful meadows and big glaciers.
One of the major attractions of Chitral are the Kalash valleys-the home of the Kafir-Kalash or "Wearers of the Black Robe", a primitive pagan tribe. Their ancestry is enveloped in mystery and is the subject of controversy.
There are certain famous places and valleys in Chitral like Garam Chashma valley, Booni, Golen valley, Madaklasht valley, Arandu, Birir, Rumbur and Bumburat.


Kalash Valley

Kalash Valley

The 3,000 strong Kafir-Kalash live in the valley of Birir, Bumburet and Rambur in the South. Bamburet, the largest and the most picturesque valley of the Kafir-Kalash, is 40km from Chitral and is connected by a jeep able road. Birir, 34km away is accessible by a jeep able road. Rumbur is 32km from Chitral. Their picturesque headgear is made of woolen black material decked out with cowry shells, buttons/
The Kalash people love music and dancing particularly on occasions of their religious festivals like Joshi Chilimjusht (14th & 15th May - spring), Phool (20th - 25th September) and Chowas (18th to 21st December).


Swat

Swat

With the roaring Rivers ,cascading water falls snow covered peaks ,fruit laden orchards ‘Udyana’ the garden ,in ancient Hindu epics and Now Mini Switzerland of Pakistan SWAT. 247km from Islamabad covering an area of 5337sq km 3250feet above sea level an idyllic tourist destination After the invasion of Alexander the great the famous Gandhara Buddhist civilization later flourished in this valley .The remains of the Buddhist Stupas, monasteries and settlements can still be found in at various places of this region


Takht Bhai

Takht Bhai

Takht Bhai, literally meaning "spring or well on a high surface". The spring of that period still exist on western hill and is used by the local people. Therefore the Buddhist sanctuary and the nearby village were named after these wells. The remains are most astounding, exciting and imposing relics of Buddhist in Pakistan. Dated back from 2nd BC to 5th century AD and scattered over 32.9 hectares. The site was excavated by Dr D.B Spooner and Mr. Hargreaves in 1907-09 and 1910-11 respectively. The remains consist of main stupa, votive stupas, court, lofty chapels, monastic quadrangle, meditation cells, covered passages and many other secular buildings. All are stone built laid in lime and mud mortar in diaper style masonry. A large number of stone and stucco sculptures have been unearthed during excavation, which now on display in Peshawar museum. The sculpture depicts the life of Buddha before his birth and different events of his life and reveals evolutionary and developmental stages of Gandhara art.


Khyber Pass

Khyber Pass

56 kilometer from the Peshawar lies 44 km long Khyber pass which winding through the safed koh mountain bordering with Afghanistan Due to his geographical and historical importance elevates him from other passes of Pakistan Starting at an elevation of 491 at Jamrud and and end at an elevation of 1070 at Torkham . For Centuries the trade route and invasion route Khayber passes witness the Armies of Alexander the Great, Timur, Babur, Mahmud of Ghazna, and Nadir Shah in their invasions of India.
In 1920 in the Birtish regime a rail road was constructed passing 34 tunnels and 92 bridges and culverts


Darmalajika

Taxila

Taxila is situated on the Pivotal junction of India,wester asia and centerial asia ,40 Km from Captial City of Pakistan Islamabd lies this town and famous Archaeogical site.Ancient Taks.as illa means “City of Cutting Stones” or Rocks of Takasha. Some of the most important sites are; Dhamarajika Stupa and Monastery (300 BC - 200 AD), Bhir Mound (600-200 BC), Sirkap (200 BC - 600 AD), Jandial Temple (c.250 BC) and Jaulian Monastery (200 - 600 AD).
IN 1980 Taxila was declared a UNESCO world heritage site.


Rohtas Fort

Rohtas Fort

Rohtas Fort is a historical garrison fort located near the city of Jhelum in Punjab, Pakistan. built by Raja Todar Mal, under the instructions of the Sher Shah Suri an Afghan king , to reduce the rebellious tribes of the northern Punjab region, in the 16th century. The fort was built in the Afghan-Persian architectural style and is about 4 km in circumference took eight years to construct on a hillock where the tiny Kahan river meets another rainy stream called Parnal Khas and turns east towards Tilla Jogian Range. The fort is about 300 feet (91 m) above its surroundings. It is 2660 feet (818 m) above sea level and covers an area of 12.63 acres and lies the on the historic Grand Trunk Road between the mountainous region of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and the plains of Punjab. 16 km NW of Jhelum and 7 km from Dina.


Salt Range

Salt Range

Its series of hills and low mountains between the valleys of the Indus and Jhelum rivers, located in the northern part of the Punjab region of Pakistan. It derives its name from extensive deposits of rock salt that form one of the richest salt fields in the world; they are of Precambrian age and range up to more than 1,600 feet (490m) in thickness. The range is approximately 186 miles (300km) long from east to west, and its width, in the central and eastern parts, is from 5 to 19 miles. Its average height is 2,200 feet, and its highest altitude, at Sakesar mountain, is 4,992 feet (1,522m). In addition to the salt deposits, mined from ancient times, the Salt Range contains coal, gypsum, and other mineral.


Harappa

Harappa

Harappa is located in the Punjab Province of Pakistan and the site lies some 35 kilometers southwest of Sahiwal. Harappa is the first site of the Indus Valley Civilization that was discovered in the 1920s. Harappa is located about 250 kilometers from Lahore. Excavations in Harappa have revealed a egalitarian civilization, which was excellent in town planning and other sphere of everyday life. The site, with its citadel and great granary, seems similar in many ways to Mohenjo-Daro and like its southern sister-city appear to have thrived around 2000 to 1700 B.C. with an economy based largely on agriculture and trade.
Excavations have unearthed a number of artifacts that give a indication of the way of life and various customs and traditions rife in Harappa. The cemeteries found in Harappa gives a clear indication that the Harappa people used to bury their dead. They were fond of wearing necklace, ring, bangle and other jewellery. As, many skeletons found in Harappa had beads and anklets in their grave.
A tour to Harappa takes you close to one of the largest civilizations in the world and help you understand how modern and progressive was the Indus Valley Civilization and why This civilization received kudos from the historians and archaeologists.


Baha Ul Hack

Multan

Multan It is Pakistan's fifth largest city by population and has an area of 133 square kilometers The city is located on the banks of the Chenab Riverin the geographic center of the country a rich and well-defended city for more than 2000years and famous for its 13th and 14th Century bricks shrines decorated with with blue glazed tiles.
Multan is known as the City of Sufis or City of Saints and Madinat-ul-Auliya because of the large number of shrines and Sufi saints from the city. The city is blanketed with bazaars, mosques, shrines, and ornate tombs.
Multan's location at the entrance to the sub-continent resulted in it being invaded by a long series of conquerors on their way to Delh,. Located in a bend created by five rivers of central Pakistan. The Sutlej River separates it from Bahawalpur and the Chenab River from Muzaffar Garh. The city has grown to become an influential political and economic center for the country The area around the city is a flat, alluvial plain and is ideal for agriculture.


Uchi Sharif

Uchi Sharif

Uchi Sharif is situated at 73 km from Bahawalpur city in southern Punjab literally meaning Holy High Place and is famous for sufi Shrines that is why it is also known as City of Saints ,the most exquisite ruins ,most aesthetically pleasing in the blue and white tiles Tomb of BIBI jawindi build in 1498,
Uch near the confluence of the chanabd and Sutlej rivers was famous long before the advernt of Islam. Alexander the Great arrived in 325 BC


Cholistan Desert

Cholistan Desert

The word Cholistan is derivative from the Turkish word chol, which means "desert". Cholistan thus means Land of the Desert and locally know as Rohi sprawls thirty kilometers from Bahawalpur and covers an area of 26,300 square kilometres It link up with the Thar Desert, extending over to Sindh and into India. The history of Cholistan starts from the history of Indus Valley civilization, which prospered from about 2500 BC to 1500 BC around the Indus River.A famous land mark of Cholistan is Drawar fort about 48 Km From Dera nawab sahib and worth to see the massive walls of the fort on the camel back.


Sukkur

Sukkur

Sukkur the home on Lloyd Barrage now called as Sukkur Barrage has 66 Gates. The barrage Was designed by Sir Arnold Musto KCIE and constructed under the supervision of Sir Charlton Harrison KCIE from 1923-1932. 1524 m long barrage was made of yellow stone and steel and can water 10 million acres of farmland through its seven large canals controls one of the largest irrigation systems in the and some of the canals are larger than Suez canal.
Covering an area of 5,165 square kilometers, the city of Sukkur is located at an altitude of 220 feet (67 m) from sea level,and third largest city of Sind province Sukkur district shares its northern border with Shikarpur and the Kashmore districts. Ghotki is located on the north-eastern side while Khairpur on the south. The border with India lies further east.
Sukkur has been an important strategic center and trading route from time immemorial. Alor (or Aror, Sukkur) held the status of capital under the reign of Musikanos, when Alexander invaded the region in 326 BCE. The ruins of this ancient town still exist, 8 km east of Rohri, in Sukkur district. The Rai Dynasty built a huge temple of Shiva. In 711 CE, the Arabs invaded Sindh, led by 17-year-old Muhammad bin Qasim.


Mohenjo-daro

Mohenjo-daro

Mohenjo-Daro organized and master architecture of urban settlement, a magnificent historical site in Pakistan. A part of the Indus Valley Civilization, Mohenjo-Daro is situated on the west bank of the Indus River.
Mohenjo-Daro had mud-brick and baked-brick buildings. Covered drainage system in addition to this, soak pits for disposal bins, a large state granary, a spacious pillared hall, a collage of priests, a large and imposing building (probably a palace) and a citadel mound Beneath the sanctuary, parallel streets, some 30 feet wide, stretched away and are crossed by other straight streets, which divide the town into a great oblong block, each 400 yards in length, and 200 to 300 yards in width most impressive remains are those of a Great Hall which consisted of an open quadrangle with verandahs on four sides, galleries and rooms on the back, a group of halls on the north and a large bathing pool. It was probably used for religious or ceremonial bathing .
Through the discovery of coins and potteries, archeologists believe that trade and cultural links existed between Mohenjo-Daro and the contemporary civilizations of Mesopotamia and Egypt The various layers of the excavated site show that upon the debris of the ancient civilization rose the buildings and edifices of a much latter settlement dating back to the Kushan period (between the first and the third centuries A.D.). The remains of the Buddhist stupa and the monastery, rising to the height of 10.66 meters (35 feet) above the surrounding area, are of this later period. How this remarkable civilization came to an end after 1800 B.C. remains a mystery


Chaukundi

Karachi

Karachi also called as "the City which never sleeps or the city of lights Uroos ul Bilaad" and "City of the Quaid", is capital of province Sindh and capital of Pakistan until Islamabad was constructed as a capital as well as the largest and most populous metropolitan city of Pakistan covering an area of 3257 sq Km having a density of more than 6000 people per sq km making the the 2nd-largest city in the world by population within city limits, the 7th largest urban agglomeration in the world and the largest city in the Muslim world and the main seaport and financial centre of the country.
Karachi is the location of the Port of Karachi and Port Bin Qasim, two of the region's largest and busiest ports It is Pakistan's centre of banking, industry, economic activity and trade and is home to Pakistan's largest corporations, including those involved in textiles, shipping, automotive industry, entertainment, the arts, fashion, advertising, publishing, software development and medical research. The city is a hub of higher education in South Asia and the Muslim world.
Located on the coast, Karachi has an arid climate with low average precipitation levels Winters are warm and dry, while the summers are hot and humid December and January are dry and pleasant as compared to the warm summers that dominate through the late spring (March) to the pre-monsoon season (June)


Mahabatkhan Mosque

Peshawar

The Po-lu-shah of the Chinese, Pushapura of the Persians and the Peshawar of the Mughal rulers The present capital of Khyber Pukhtunkhawa was the second capital under the Kushans from 1st to 5th Century AD.It is the oldest living city in this part of ASIA Here once stood Asia’s biggest and most famous Stupa of Kanishka at Shahji ki Dheri near the walled city’s Gunj Gate.


Peshawar

Babusar Pass

Babusar Pass or Babusar Top lies at an elevation of 4173 m. is a mountain pass at the north of the 155 km long Kaghan Valley connecting it via the Thak Nala with Chilas on the Karakoram Highway (KKH). It is the highest point in the Kaghan Valley. Babusar Pass is at a distance of 80 km from Naran. It is on the way to the pass that the Kaghan valley's scenery becomes most dramatic. Battakundi is at a distance of 16 km from Naran and provides access to Lalazar Plateau, lake Dodiputsar and lake Lulusar which is the biggest natural lake in Hazara and the source of Kunhar river. on a clear day the great Nanga Parbat (26,660 ft) can be seen from the top.


Rama

Rama

Rama valley is located in Astore approximately 112 KM from Gilgit, 56 Km from the KKH at jaglot and 134 KM from Skardu via Deosai plain. Rama Valley is thickly forested with huge pine, cedar, fir and juniper trees. The valley is about 3300 meters above sea level and thus is snow covered for 7-8 months of the year. In summer, it becomes lush green; conditions favored by local shepherds Rama is home to some famous species like: ibex, musk deer, snow leopard and rock partridge .The area is also considered to have plethora of medicinal plants. This valley offers a number of tourist attractions including: sightseeing, trekking, wild life, forest, glaciers and above all the beautiful Rama Lake which is spectacular and eye catching. Rama valley with lush green pastures and tall pine trees is an ideal camp site for the independent travelers.

Example of Tours

Silk Road crossing Khunjerab Pass

Islamabad - Swat - Hunza - Gojal - Khunjerab Pass - Tashkurgan - Kashgar
12Nights 13Days

Northern pakistan Adventure

Fairy Meadow - Rama - Deosai - Skardu - Shigar - Gilgit-Hunza
11Nights 12Days
       
       

The forgotten Vistas

Islamabad - Swat - Kalash - Shandur Pass - Hunza - Skardu - Shigar - Naran
13Nights 14Days

Indus Valley Civilization

Lahore - Harappa - Cholistan - Mohenjodaro - Thatta - Karachi
11Nights 12Days
       
       

Following the footsteps of
Alexander the Great

Kalash - Chitral - Swat - Jhelum - Lahore - Multan - Sukkur - Gawadar
13Nights 14Days

World Heritage of Pakistan

Taxila - TakhteBhai - Peshawar - Rohtas Fort - Lahore - Wagah - Mohenjodaro - Thatta - Karachi
11Nights 12Days